Nuclear Proliferation to Non-state Actors

References used in this area of my field statement:

Albright, David, and Kimberly Kramer. “Global Stocks of Nuclear Explosive Materials: Summary Tables and Charts.” Institute for Science and International Security, September 7, 2005.

Allison, Graham. “How to Stop Nuclear Terror.” Foreign Affairs 83, no. 1 (January 1, 2004): 64–74. doi:10.2307/20033829.

Arnold, Kathleen R., ed. Anti-immigration in the United States: a Historical Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif: Greenwood Press, 2011.

Atomic Energy Act of 1954, As Amended. USC, 1954.

Bowen, Wyn Q., Matthew Cottee, and Christopher Hobbs. “Multilateral Cooperation and the Prevention of Nuclear Terrorism: Pragmatism over Idealism.” International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) 88, no. 2 (March 1, 2012): 349–368. doi:10.2307/41428610.

Bunn, Matthew. “A Mathematical Model of the Risk of Nuclear Terrorism.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 607 (September 1, 2006): 103–120. doi:10.2307/25097842.

———. “Nuclear Terrorism: A Strategy for Prevention.” In Going Nuclear: Nuclear Proliferation and International Security in the 21st Century, edited by Michael E. Brown. International Security Readers. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2010.

Bunn, Matthew, and Anthony Wier. “Securing the Bomb: An Agenda for Action.” Harvard University, May 2004.

———. “Terrorist Nuclear Weapon Construction: How Difficult?” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 607 (September 1, 2006): 133–149. doi:10.2307/25097844.

Central Intelligence Agency. Implications of Alternative Soviet Futures: National Intelligence Estimate. Washington, DC, June 1991.

Clinton, Hillary. “Remarks at the United States Institute of Peace.” October 21, 2009.

Connery, Joyce, November 5, 2011.

Cook, Joseph, Jonathan McMurray, Kirstin Nelson, Peter Ruedel, James Shafer, and Keith Rhodes. DOE Needs to Take Action to Further Reduce the Use of Weapons-Usable Uranium in Civil Research Reactors. Washington, DC: General Accountability Office, July 2004.

Craig, Paul P. Nuclear Arms Race: Technology and Society. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1985.

Cronin, Audrey Kurth. “Behind the Curve: Globalization and International Terrorism.” International Security 27, no. 3 (December 1, 2002): 30–58. doi:10.2307/3092113.

———. How Terrorism Ends: Understanding the Decline and Demise of Terrorist Campaigns. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2011.

Directorate of Intelligence. “Managing Nuclear Proliferation: The Politics of Limited Choice.” CIA, December 1975.

Ferguson, Charles D, Monterey Institute of International Studies, and Center for Nonproliferation studies. The Four Faces of Nuclear Terrorism. Monterey, Calif.: Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, 2004.

Ferguson, Charles D., and William C. Potter. “Improvised Nuclear Devices and Nuclear Terrorism.” Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission, 2004.

Gray, Richard. “Litvinenko Waiter Recounts Polonium Poisoning.”, July 15, 2007, sec. uknews.

Great Britain Cabinet Office, and Great Britain Parliament. The Road to 2010 Addressing the Nuclear Question in the Twenty First Century. London: TSO, 2009.

Helfand, Ira, Lachlan Forrow, and Jaya Tiwari. “Nuclear Terrorism.” BMJ: British Medical Journal 324, no. 7333 (February 9, 2002): 356–358. doi:10.2307/25227421.

International Atomic Energy Agency. “Factsheet: Polonium-210.” International Atomic Energy Agency, n.d.

———. IAEA Safeguards Glossary. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 2001.

———. IAEA Safeguards Glossary. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 2002.

———. “IAEA Safety Glossary Concepts and Terms.” Accessed June 6, 2013.

———. The Radiological Accident in Goiânia. Vienna : [Lanham, MD: International Atomic Energy Agency ; UNIPUB, distributor], 1988.

Jenkins, Bonnie. “Combating Nuclear Terrorism: Addressing Nonstate Actor Motivations.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 607 (September 1, 2006): 33–42. doi:10.2307/25097835.

Joint Chiefs of Staff. “Operations in Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Environments.” Department of Defense, August 26, 2008.

Jones, Meirion. “British Nukes Were Protected by Bike Locks.” BBC, November 15, 2007, sec. Newsnight.

Levi, Michael. “Stopping Nuclear Terrorism: The Dangerous Allure of a Perfect Defense.” Foreign Affairs 87, no. 1 (January 1, 2008): 131–140. doi:10.2307/20020273.

Mian, Zia, ed. “A Nuclear Tiger by the Tail: Problems of Command and Control in South Asia.” In Prisoners of the Nuclear Dream. Hyderabad, A.P: Orient Longman, 2003.

Miller, Steven E., and Scott D. Sagan. “Nuclear Power Without Nuclear Proliferation?” Daedalus 138, no. 4 (October 1, 2009): 7–18. doi:10.2307/40543997.

Montgomery, Alexander H. “Ringing in Proliferation: How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb Network.” International Security 30, no. 2 (October 1, 2005): 153–187.

Mrabit, Khammar. “IAEA Incident and Trafficking Database: Incidents of Nuclear and Other Radioactive Material Out of Regulatory Control: 2013 Fact Sheet.” IAEA, 2013.

Narang, Vipin. “Pakistan’s Nuclear Posture: Implications for South Asian Stability.” Belfer Center Policy Brief (January 2010).

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. 1st ed. New York: Norton, 2004.

“NRC: Locations of Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installations.” Accessed March 21, 2011.

“NRC: Spent Fuel Pools.” Accessed March 21, 2011.

Obama, Barack. “Remarks By President Barack Obama In Prague As Delivered | The White House,” April 5, 2009.

Office of Technology Assessment. Nuclear Proliferation and Safeguards: Appendix Volume II, Part One. Washington, DC: Congress of the United States, June 1977.

Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology. “The Militarily Critical Technologies List: Part II – Weapons of Mass Destruction Technologies: Section V – Nuclear Weapons Technology.” Department of Defense, February 1998.

Potter, William C., Charles D. Ferguson, and Leonard S. Spector. “The Four Faces of Nuclear Terror: And the Need for a Prioritized Response.” Foreign Affairs 83, no. 3 (May 1, 2004): 130–132. doi:10.2307/20033982.

Royal Society of Chemistry. “Q&A: Polonium-210.” Royal Society of Chemistry, November 27, 2006.

Sagan, Scott Douglas. The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: a Debate Renewed: With New Sections on India and Pakistan, Terrorism, and Missile Defense. 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 2003.

Samore, Gary. “Press Briefing.” Washington Convention Center, April 13, 2010.

Sanger, David, and William Broad. “Leaders Gather for Nuclear Talks as New Threat Is Seen –” Accessed November 15, 2011.

Saradzhyan, Simon. “Russia: Grasping the Reality of Nuclear Terror.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 607 (September 1, 2006): 64–77. doi:10.2307/25097839.

United Nations. “Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.” United Nations, June 12, 1968.

Walker, J. Samuel, and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Containing the Atom: Nuclear Regulation in a Changing Environment, 1963-1971. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

Wright, Susan. Weapons of Mass Destruction: Illicit Trade and Trafficking. 1st ed. The Library of Weapons of Mass Destruction. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 2005.

Zaitseva, Lyudmila, and Kevin Hand. “Nuclear Smuggling Chains: Suppliers, Intermediaries, and End-Users.” American Behavioral Scientist 46, no. 6 (February 1, 2003): 822–844. doi:10.1177/0002764202239177.

Zenko, Micah. “Intelligence Estimates of Nuclear Terrorism.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 607 (September 1, 2006): 87–102. doi:10.2307/25097841.


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